Infertility and Fibroids
The direct links between infertility and fibroid tumors has been irrefutably proven by countless studies. The proper diagnosis of fibroids and the assessment of the number, size, and location of the tumors is the first step. This can help to ensure the best approach for treatment, thereby offering the greatest chances of conceiving and having a healthy pregnancy.
There are several reasons that fibroids can lead to infertility:
- Fibroids can cause changes in the shape of your cervix, possibly restricting the sperm from entering.
- If there’s a fibroid, the uterus’ ability to move the sperm out toward the egg, or the fertilized embryo back toward the uterus, may be compromised
- If the shape of your uterus is altered, this can also hinder sperm from proper contact with the embryo.
- Fibroids can have a definite impact on the lining of your uterine cavity.
- In order for it to grow and develop, it is necessary for an embryo to implant itself in the uterine lining. If the blood flow is compromised due to a fibroid, it can present problems in this process.
Causes of Infertility May Vary
Among the most common reasons for infertility are:
- Issues with ovulation
- Problems with your cervix
- Damage that has occurred to your uterus or fallopian tubes
- Periods that go on for too long or end too early, which may be an indicator that your aren’t ovulating
Other reasons could be:
- Age. Before the age of 35, many doctors advise you try to get pregnant for an entire year before deciding that you are infertile. Between the ages of 35 and 40, the window is reduced to six months.
- Heavy or abnormally painful period.Cramping is a common occurrence during periods. But severe cramps may be a sign that you have developed fibroid tumors.
- No periods at all. If you are under a lot of stress or doing heavy workouts regularly, you may miss your period occasionally. But in you have gone several consecutive months without a period, it’s time to talk to an expert gynecologist.
- Hormone irregularity. Unbalanced hormones can cause fibroid pain and may be the reason you are having trouble getting pregnant. Signs you may have developed infertility due to hormone irregularity include: lower sex drive, facial hair growth, gaining weight, thinning hair and pain during sex.
Multiple studies confirm the link between fibroids and infertility. There are different types of fibroid growths, and each impacts fertility differently.
- Submucosal fibroids, which protrude into your uterine cavity, present the biggest obstruction to conception. Simply removing or shrinking them may resolve your infertility problems. This type of fibroid causes heavy periods or bleeding between your periods.
- Intramural fibroids grow between the muscles of the uterus. This type of fibroids can potentially require infertility treatment. Intramural fibroid treatment, especially for larger tumors, may also require removal.
- Subserosal fibroids grow on the outside of the uterus. This type of fibroids rarely interferes with the woman’s ability to get pregnant, unless it grows to the point that it could cause problems.
Viva Eve Has Long-Established Partnerships With the Best Fertility Experts in NYC
The Viva Eve doctors have the expertise to evaluate, diagnose and help formulate the best infertility treatment plan that works for you and your circumstances.
We also have great established relationships with the best infertility experts in New York City and we work very closely with them in coordinating care for women trying to conceive.