Fibroid Degeneration occurs when fibroids outgrow their blood supply and shrink. When degenerating fibroids decrease in size, the symptoms they cause may lessen, but the fibroids can grow back and degenerate again — repeating the process and leading to discomfort. This can be especially risky if you are pregnant or trying to get pregnant, because fibroids can cause abdominal pain, bleeding. They can also result in calcified fibroids, and affect fertility. Viva Eve NYC fibroid experts offer treatments for calcified fibroids, degenerating fibroids, and help you address the symptoms they cause.
Heavy periods or irregular periods
- You know when something is off with your cycle. If you experience heavy bleeding, spotting in between periods, or irregular periods, it could be a sign of fibroids.
Swelling or bloating
- Growing fibroids can make the lower abdomen feel swollen or bloated. Sometimes fibroids can cause weight gain or even lead to a protruding belly that can make you look pregnant. This is also true in the case of calcified fibroids in the uterine wall. Another symptom you may experience is sharp or dull pain in the abdomen.
- Anemia is one of the common signs of fibroids. This symptom is the result of excessive or abnormal bleeding caused by fibroids.
What Causes Fibroid Degeneration
Fibroids depend on your hormones and can be genetic. There are several causes of fibroids, but the causes listed below are specific to degenerating fibroids.
- Fibroids can degenerate when there is a dramatic change in estrogen, like when you get pregnant or are going through menopause. The change in estrogen can also lead to fibroid calcification because the fibroids will shrink too quickly.
- Degeneration happens when fibroids outgrow their blood supply. This causes the fibroid to shrink down until it can survive on a dramatically diminished blood supply.
- Without treatment calcified fibroids or degenerating fibroids are likely to repeat the cycle of growth and degeneration.
Treatment for Degenerating Fibroids
Your NYC Ob/Gyn who is part of the team of fibroid experts at Viva Eve will help determine which treatment option is best. At Viva Eve, we offer integrated specialty care and advanced and effective treatment options like UFE, hysterectomies, myomectomies, and hormone treatments.
UFE (Uterine Fibroid Embolization)
Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE) is an outpatient procedure that relieves 90% of patients of their fibroid symptoms. Many of our patients choose this option because it’s minimally invasive, highly successful at relieving fibroid symptoms, and has a quick recovery time. It leaves the uterus intact while treating multiple fibroids at the same time and is a great option for those who still want to conceive.
We offer more than one hormone treatment for fibroids. Familiar treatments like birth control pills or IUD’s (Progestin-releasing intrauterine device) might be an option. This can also be a treatment option for calcified fibroids. Other antihormonal agents like Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) can be a method of fibroid treatment. Hormone treatment can slow the growth of fibroids, manage the symptoms, and requires no medical procedures. Some hormone treatments lead to menopause-like symptoms (like bone loss) and cannot be a long term solution.
A Myomectomy involves removing fibroids without removing the uterus or the healthy tissues. There is more than one way to perform a myomectomy and some of them are more advanced and less invasive than others. The type of myomectomy the doctor recommends will depend on the size, number, and location of your fibroids. While this is a full medical procedure, it can be a viable option for women looking to preserve their fertility. It completely removes fibroids and their symptoms. New fibroids can still form, especially if the patient is years away from menopause.
After meeting with your doctor, you may decide that a Hysterectomy is right for you. This full medical procedure removes the uterus and cures fibroids. Though it is not always necessary for treating fibroids it can be a quality of life improving option for women who are not looking to preserve their fertility options.