Fertility Planning Conditions
There are a number of different conditions that can affect those who have challenges with their fertility.
Infertility is a unique medical condition because it involves a couple, rather than a single person. If you are coping with infertility, you are not alone. Around 15% of couples deal with fertility issues. While Viva Eve’s NYC Ob/Gyns pride themselves in specializing in women’s care, we know it’s important to look at both the male factor infertility and the female factor infertility because when it comes to difficulty to conceive, it is equally likely for it to be either the female, the male, or both. In developed countries, female factor infertility was reported in 37 percent of infertile couples, male factor infertility in 8 percent, and both male and female factor infertility in 35 percent.
If you are under the age of 35, infertility is usually determined after 12 months of trying to conceive (6 months for those over 35). Difficulty with infertility can be caused by a number of issues, but ultimately is simplified to the need for one healthy egg and sperm to connect and implant the resulting embryo on the uterine wall; any hurdles in this process can contribute to infertility. If you are ready to start preparing for a family, talk to our specialists to learn more about our fertility planning.
The male factor of infertility
To determine the male factor of infertility we would run tests from a sample of semen. During these tests we are looking for signs that the semen are irregular in shape, how many there are, and how well they are moving.
The female factor of infertility
In order for female anatomy to reproduce you need healthy and functioning ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes. If there are complications with any one of those organs, then it may be contributing to your infertility. If you are having difficulty getting pregnant our NYC Ob/Gyn specialists are prepared to help you in your fertility planning journey.
Common symptoms of male factor infertility
It is most likely that infertility will be noticed between the first 6-12 months of trying to conceive. It is possible no other side effects are present or there are a few potential signs that may be contributing to male factor infertility.
- Over 80 percent of infertile men have low sperm concentrations and poor sperm quality
- ED (Erectile Dysfunction) is a common problem. The inability to have or maintain an erection can be hindering conception efforts.
- If there are varicose veins around the testes this could be a sign of low sperm production and quality.
- Endocrine and systemic disorders can also contribute to male factor infertility
What causes infertility?
For male factor infertility
While there are many possibilities for why you might deal with infertility as a woman, usually male factor infertility is directly related to the quality and quantity of the sperm.
- A low sperm count or ED increases the chances for infertility.
- Genetic defects or some STDs/STIs can contribute to male factor infertility.
- Frequent exposure to heat (jacuzzis and saunas) can restrict sperm production.
- Damage to the testes from cancer or cancer treatments like chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
For female factor infertility
Benign growths like fibroids can cause female factor infertility by changing the shape of your cervix or uterus and essentially blocking sperm from reaching the egg. FIbroids can also affect the uterine lining which is essential for an embryo to implant on the uterine wall. Other complications with the uterus, ovaries, or fallopian tubes can also contribute to infertility.
Some of the conditions that may affect a woman’s fertility:
Your treatment options for male factor infertility
Before seeking out treatment options, it’s best to diagnose the cause of infertility. A basic exam, medical history, ultrasounds, and semen sample testing can help our NYC infertility specialists determine how to best treat male factor infertility. Depending on the results of these examinations, your specialist will decide which treatment option is best.
- Medication, hormonal treatment, or antibiotics can help with hurdles like STDs, ED, premature ejaculation, infections, and imbalanced hormones.
- IVF (in vitro fertilization) or other Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) can still use naturally ejaculated sperm and is a great option to increase chances of conception.
Your treatment options for female factor infertility
Our NYC Ob/Gyn fertility experts will be with you every step of the way in your fertility journey. We can help diagnose the cause of your infertility and then find a custom treatment option that best suits you. When it comes to female factor infertility, there are several avenues for treatment.
- Hormone therapy can help get your menstrual cycle back on track and can help with underlying causes like endometriosis.
- If fibroids are the cause of infertility then treatments like UFE or a myomectomy can provide relief from the symptoms of fibroids (link to new symptoms of fibroids page) while leaving your uterus intact.
- Ovulation induction (link to the new Ovulation Induction page) treatments and medications can help give your ovaries a boost in production.
Viva Eve works with the best infertility and IVF specialists in New York City and will be happy to refer you to a practice that is best equipped to address your fertility issues.